BRI also works with Virginia Mason Medical Center in other areas of disease research and clinical studies such as heart disease and cancer. Learn more about the diseases being researched at BRI.
Clinical Research Fact Sheet. There are approximately 80 different types of autoimmune diseases and they affect more than 23 million Americans. Learn more about the causes, increasing prevalence and research advances regarding these diseases.
Multiple sclerosis MS is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks myelin, the fatty substance that surrounds and protects the nerve fibers in the central nervous system. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis UCboth also known as inflammatory bowel diseases IBDare autoimmune diseases in which the body's immune system attacks the intestines.
Systemic lupus erythematosus lupus is a chronic, systemic autoimmune disease which can damage any part of the body, including the heart, joints, skin, lungs, blood vessels, liver, kidneys and nervous system. Rheumatoid arthritis RA is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks its own tissues, primarily the synovium, the membrane that lines the joints.
Allergies and asthma are immune mediated diseases that occur when the body's immune system overreacts to a foreign substance an allergensuch as pollen or animal dander, that in most people is generally harmless. Celiac disease is estimated to affect 1 in people in the United States and its incidence appears to be rising. In addition, 2. Relapsing polychondritis RP is a rheumatic autoimmune disease. It is a rare disease in which the immune system attacks the body's cartilage.
Scleroderma is a rheumatic autoimmune disease of the connective tissue which causes skin thickening, spontaneous scarring, blood vessel disease and varying degrees of inflammation.
There are many diseases and disorders that can cause the liver to stop functioning properly. Some of the different causes of liver disease include viral infection, alcohol or other environmental toxins, autoimmune disease and genetics. Cancer represents more than different types of malignancies—diseases caused by the uncontrolled and destructive growth of cells.
When cancer cells grow unregulated, they can develop into tumors, invade nearby parts of the body and spread throughout the body. Heart disease encompasses many diseases of the heart and blood vessels, such as high blood pressure, heart attacks, angina pectoris chest pain or discomfort caused by a reduced blood supply to the heart musclestroke and heart failure.
Skip to main content. Search form Search. Disease Information. Autoimmune Diseases. Type 1 Diabetes. Multiple Sclerosis. Rheumatoid Arthritis. Celiac Disease. Relapsing Polychondritis. Liver Disease. Infectious Diseases. Infectious diseases are caused by pathogens "germs" including viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites, and are ranked as the second leading cause of death worldwide by the World Health Organization. Heart Disease. Sign up today.This article is a list of deaths caused by an infectious disease.
Widespread non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer are not included. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.The Top Ten Infectious Diseases of All Time -- Henry Chambers, MD
A list of death tolls due to infectious disease. Pandemic portal. The Flu. Retrieved April 5, Archived from the original on Retrieved University of Maryland Medical Center.
International Journal of Infectious Diseases. Emerging Infect. Elsevier Science. The Atlantic. Retrieved 20 March Viking Adult; p. Byzantine Rome and the Greek Popes. Medical History. Princeton, New Jersey: Checkmark Books. Annual of the British School at Athens. A pest in the land: new world epidemics in a global perspective. University of New Mexico Press. April 8, Emerging Infectious Diseases. New Scientist. December 19, Archived from the original on October 17, Retrieved October 17, Archived from the original on February 14, The Malta Independent.
Archived from the original on 13 March Archived from the original on 27 March Retrieved 16 November When evening came, after the sun had set, they began bringing to Him all who were ill and those who were demon-possessed.
And the whole city had gathered at the door. And He healed many who were ill with various diseases, and cast out many demons; and He was not permitting the demons to speak, because they knew who He was. In the thirty-ninth year of his reign Asa became diseased in his feet. His disease was severe, yet even in his disease he did not seek the LORD, but the physicians.
In these lay a multitude of those who were sick, blind, lame, and withered, [waiting for the moving of the waters. It happened year after year, as often as she went up to the house of the LORD, she would provoke her; so she wept and would not eat. After this had happened, the rest of the people on the island who had diseases were coming to him and getting cured. Then Saul immediately fell full length upon the ground and was very afraid because of the words of Samuel; also there was no strength in him, for he had eaten no food all day and all night.
My heart has been smitten like grass and has withered away, Indeed, I forget to eat my bread. And He sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of God and to perform healing. Their soul abhorred all kinds of food, And they drew near to the gates of death. Then Satan went out from the presence of the LORD and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head.
Jesus replied and said, "A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, and they stripped him and beat him, and went away leaving him half dead. I, in turn, will do this to you: I will appoint over you a sudden terror, consumption and fever that will waste away the eyes and cause the soul to pine away; also, you will sow your seed uselessly, for your enemies will eat it up.
Now Isaiah had said, "Let them take a cake of figs and apply it to the boil, that he may recover. Concerning this I implored the Lord three times that it might leave me. And He has said to me, "My grace is sufficient for you, for power is perfected in weakness " Most gladly, therefore, I will rather boast about my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may dwell in me.
Therefore I am well content with weaknesses, with insults, with distresses, with persecutions, with difficulties, for Christ's sake; for when I am weak, then I am strong. For there is no one like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man fearing God and turning away from evil.
And he still holds fast his integrity, although you incited Me against him to ruin him without cause. Is anyone among you sick? Then he must call for the elders of the church and they are to pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord. Hope deferred makes the heart sick, But desire fulfilled is a tree of life. For Your arrows have sunk deep into me, And Your hand has pressed down on me.
There is no soundness in my flesh because of Your indignation; There is no health in my bones because of my sin. Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech and his wife and his maids, so that they bore children. And it happened that the father of Publius was lying in bed afflicted with recurrent fever and dysentery; and Paul went in to see him and after he had prayed, he laid his hands on him and healed him.
All who hate me whisper together against me; Against me they devise my hurt, saying, "A wicked thing is poured out upon him, That when he lies down, he will not rise up again. In those days Hezekiah became mortally ill And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came to him and said to him, "Thus says the LORD, 'Set your house in order, for you shall die and not live.
Where will you be stricken again, As you continue in your rebellion? The whole head is sick And the whole heart is faint.Need a list of common diseases? The most common illnesses are listed here by name, including information about their symptoms. They include the most common communicable diseases and and common infectious diseases. Most common bacterial diseases and common viral diseases can be gotten over quickly or treated medically by a doctor.
Since these are so common, there's definitely treatments for these common ailments. For more information about genetic diseases you can see this genetic disorders list. For valuable information on central nervous system disorders see the central nervous system disorders page.
What are the most common sicknesses? Finally if you are having any trouble going to the bathroom see the urinary system diseases page. Acne Acne vulgaris is a long term skin condition characterized by areas of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, greasy skin, and possibly scarring. The resulting appearance may lead to anxiety, reduced Allergy An allergy is a hypersensitivity disorder of the immune system. Symptoms include red eyes, itchiness, and runny nose, eczema, hives, or an asthma attack.
Allergies can play a major role in Antisocial personality disorder Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by a pervasive pattern of disregard for, or violation of, the rights of others.
There may be an impoverished moral sense or conscience and a Altitude sickness Altitude sickness—also known as acute mountain sickness, altitude illness, hypobaropathy, "the altitude bends", or soroche—is a pathological effect of high altitude on humans, caused Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's Disease is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of function and death of nerve cells in several areas of the brain leading to loss of cognitive function Andropause Andropause — also known as male menopause — is said to be the result of a gradual drop in testosterone which is an androgen.
The medical community is currently debating whether or not men really Anorexia nervosa Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by food restriction, odd eating habits or rituals, obsession with having a thin figure, and an irrational fear of weight gain. It is Arthritis Arthritis is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints.
There are over different forms of arthritis.The following is a list of the most common infectious diseases throughout the world today. Accurate caseload numbers are difficult to determine, especially because so many of these diseases are endemic to developing countries, where many people do not have access to modern medical care.
Approximately half of all deaths caused by infectious diseases each year can be attributed to just three diseases: tuberculosis, malaria, and AIDS. Together, these diseases cause over million illnesses and more than 5 million deaths each year. African Trypanosomiasis sleeping sickness : African trypanosomiasis is spread by the tsetse fly, which is common to many African countries. Symptoms of the disease include fever, headaches, joint pains, and itching in the early stage, and confusion, sensory disturbances, poor coordination, and disrupted sleep cycles in the second stage.
If the disease goes untreated in its first stage, it causes irreparable neurological damage; if it goes untreated in its second stage, it is fatal. Cholera: Cholera is a disease spread mostly through contaminated drinking water and unsanitary conditions. It is endemic in the Indian subcontinent, Russia, and sub-Saharan Africa.
It is an acute infection of the intestines with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Its main symptom is copious diarrhea. In its severe form, cholera can cause death by dehydration. An estimatedcases are reported to WHO annually. Cryptosporidiosis: Cryptosporidiosis has become one of the most common causes of waterborne disease in the United States in recent years; it is also found throughout the rest of the world.
It is caused by a parasite that spreads when a water source is contaminated, usually with the feces of infected animals or humans. Symptoms include diarrhea, stomach cramps, an upset stomach, and slight fever.
Some people do not exhibit any symptoms. Dengue: WHO estimates that 50 million cases of dengue fever appear each year. It is spread through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Recent years have seen dengue outbreaks all over Asia and Africa. Dengue fever can be mild to moderate, and occasionally severe, though it is rarely fatal.
Mild cases, which usually affect infants and young children, involve a nonspecific febrile illness, while moderate cases, seen in older children and adults, display high fever, severe headaches, muscle and joint pains, and rash. Severe cases develop into dengue hemorrhagic fever, which involves high fever, hemorrhaging, and sometimes circulatory failure.
Hepatitis A: Hepatitis A is a highly contagious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. Spread primarily by the fecal-oral route or by ingestion of contaminated water or food, the number of annual infections worldwide is estimated at 1. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, jaundice, and dark urine. Although those exposed usually develop lifelong immunity, the best protection against Hepatitis A is vaccination. Hepatitis B: Approximately 2 billion people are infected with the hepatitis B virus HBVmaking it the most common infectious disease in the world today.
Over million of those infected never rid themselves of the infection. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that causes symptoms such as jaundice, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain; hepatitis B is the most serious form of the disease.
Chronic infections can cause cirrhosis of the liver or liver cancer in later years. Hepatitis C: Hepatitis C is a less common, and less severe, form of hepatitis. An estimated million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis C virus HCV ; million more are infected every year. The majority of HCV cases are asymptomatic, even in people who develop chronic infection.
Influenza: Several influenza epidemics in the 20th century caused millions of deaths worldwide, including the worst epidemic in American history, the Spanish influenza outbreak that killed more thanin Today influenza is less of a public health threat, though it continues to be a serious disease that affects many people.
Approximately 20, people die of the flu in the United States every year. The influenza virus attacks the human respiratory tract, causing symptoms such as fever, headaches, fatigue, coughing, sore throat, nasal congestion, and body aches. Japanese Encephalitis: Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito-borne disease endemic in Asia.
Leishmaniasis: Leishmaniasis is a disease spread by the bite of the sandfly.One of the deadliest diseases in history was fortunately eradicated by as a result of worldwide vaccination campaign. It is impossible to tell how many people died from smallpox but only during the 20th century, the disease is estimated to claim from to million lives. But despite the fact that no new cases were reported sincethere are concerns that it could be used for biological warfare as the smallpox virus is still kept in laboratories in the United States and Russia.
The disease which was responsible for the so-called Black Death which reached its height between and killed about one third of the population in medieval Europe. It is caused by a bacterium called Yersinia pestis which is today successfully treated with antibiotics. Bubonic plague is extremely rare but occasional outbreaks still occur.
The plague bacteria is transmitted to humans through bites of flea that previously fed on an infected animal, usually rat or other rodent.
The flu pandemic was caused by H1N1 influenza virus, the same strain that caused the so-called swine flu pandemic in Fortunately, the black scenario did not happen and in Augustthe World Health Organization WHO announced the end of the swine flu pandemic.
Every year, seasonal flu claims aboutlives worldwide despite the availability of flu vaccine which has been shown to be an effective preventive measure.
The disease which can be caused by one of three influenza viruses called A, B and C is especially dangerous for young children, the elderly, pregnant women and people with chronic illnesses and weakened immune system. Otherwise healthy people usually recover within a few days. The disease which is most often caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis could pose a major health concern in the future worldwide due to increased antibiotic resistance of the tuberculosis bacteria.
The disease which spreads through tiny droplets of saliva which are released into the air when an infected person sneezes, coughs or talks is most common in Asia and Africa. Intuberculosis killed about 1,5 million people, mostly in the developing countries. The disease which is caused by a parasite from the genus Plasmodium is responsible for about 1 million deaths worldwide every year. It is transmitted through a bite of an infected mosquito and is often fatal for young children.
It is rare outside the tropical areas but there are concerns that it could spread to temperate areas in case of climate change. No vaccine has been developed so far, while the available treatments are not always effective.
This bacterial disease spreads through contaminated water and kills more aboutpeople every year. It has been virtually eliminated in the developed countries but it is still relatively common in poor countries where people often live in crowded and unhygienic conditions. It can easily be treated by rehydration, intravenous fluids and if necessary, antibiotics. It is crucial, however, to receive medical help promptly because death can occur in a matter of hours.
The systemic autoimmune disease which is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus HIV has killed more than 25 million people worldwide since it was first discovered in The condition cannot be cured but new medications have dramatically reduced death rate in the developed countries. In poor nations where health care is accessible only to the wealthy minority, mortality rate remains extremely high.
Safe sex and the use of sterile needles remain the only HIV prevention measures. This type of hemorrhagic fever is caused by one of four known ebolaviruses and causes sporadic outbreaks in Africa. It has not killed as many people as the above mentioned diseases, however, it is almost always fatal. A few people that survived the deadly disease needed months to recover completely. No cure or vaccine exists for ebola which spreads through contact with infected blood and body secretions.
The disease which meets all the criteria of pandemic except that it is not contagious is currently the most deadly disease in the world.
According to the WHO, as many as 7. It can often be cured if discovered and treated early but unfortunately, many types of cancer do not cause any signs or symptoms until the disease has progressed. According to some experts, every third person will develop cancer at some point of life.
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List of Diseases A-Z
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